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Sacramento, California

California is the most populous and the 3rd largest (155,779 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Sacramento (please see the above image). Majority of occupations in California is management and professional (35.80%), followed by sales and office (25.30%). Asian is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. California is also known as the El Dorado State, Golden State, The Eureka State and Gold Rush State
  2. California has one of the highest sales of accommodation and food services, in $1000 ($80,852,787.00 while national median $613,795,732.00)
  3. California has one of the highest number of people speaking language other than English at home (0 vs. USA average 0)
  4. California has one of the lowest number of high school graduate (81.00% whilst USA average 85.70%)
  5. California has one of the lowest rate of homeownership (56.00% vs. national median 65.50%)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, California population was 38,332,521 which ranks the 1st of the 50 United States and capital district. The most populous city in California is Los Angeles. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 2.90%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. California population represents 12.13% of the USA’s whole population as featured in the following chart.

California total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in California (in descending order):

  • White ancestry 73.50%
  • Asian ethnicity 14.10%
  • Black or African American 6.60%
  • Others (two or more races) 3.70%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 1.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.50%

The following chart compares California population distribution to national average:

Comparison of California population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.50% of California population are under 5 years old, 23.90% are under 18 years and 12.50% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 43.50% of California population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is higher than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.30% which is slightly more than male population. California female population number ranks the 35th nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between California and the USA.

Female and male population in California vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 81.00%, lower than US average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 30.50%, higher than US median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 56.00%, lower than national median of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 15.30%, this is higher than national average of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of California Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 4.41% of total land area
  • California has more population density than the USA average (239.1 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in California is higher by 1.91 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

California land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute California USA
Land area (square miles) 155,779.22 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 239.1 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 80.8 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

California unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 7.30% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in California is $9.00 per hour, which ranks the 4th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in California based on Census 2010
Occupation California USA
Management or professional-related job 35.80% 34.90%
Service-related job 17.70% 17.10%
Sales and office job 25.30% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 1.40% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 8.60% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 11.20% 12.50%
Comparison of California Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in California usually took more time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in California was 27.1 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 4.00%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 1.30%, higher than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 14.90%, higher than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.30%, higher than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 16.50%, higher than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 30.30%, higher than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. These highlight which specific business area California is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description California USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 491,372,092 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 598,456,486 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 455,032,270 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 80,852,787 613,795,732
California Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $12,561.00, which is lower than US average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in California was 58,549.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. California has one of the highest prices of owner-occupied housing units ($383,900.00 vs. country average $181,400.00)
  2. California has one of the highest number of people per household (3 vs. country average 3)
  3. California has one of the highest number of foreign-born people (27.10% while USA average 12.90%)
  4. California has one of the highest total value of manufacturers shipments, in $1000 ($491,372,092.00 while national average $5,319,456,312.00)
  5. California has one of the highest population among the US states and capital district (38,332,521 whereas country median 316,128,839)
  6. California has one of the highest number of Asian-owned firms (14.90% while national median 5.70%)
  7. California has one of the lowest carbon dioxide emissions, in metric tons per capita
  8. California has one of the highest merchant wholesaler sales, in $1000 ($598,456,486.00 vs. USA average $4,174,286,516.00)
  9. California has one of the highest vehicle theft rates (443 whereas national median 230)
  10. California has one of the highest number of building permits (58,549 vs. country median 829,658)
  11. California has one of the highest number of households (12,466,331 whilst USA average 115,226,802)
  12. California has one of the highest land area, in sqm (155,779 compared to country median 3,531,905)
  13. California has one of the highest number of veterans (1,952,910 compared to country median 21,853,912)
  14. California has one of the highest number of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (38.40% compared to USA average 17.10%)
  15. California has one of the highest number of Hawaiian and Pacific Islander-owned firms (0.30% compared to country median 0.10%)
  16. California has one of the highest number of firms (3,425,510 whereas USA median 27,092,908)
  17. California has one of the lowest number of white population excluding Hispanic and Latino (39.00% whilst country average 62.60%)
  18. California has one of the highest number of housing units (13,790,495 while national average 132,802,859)
  19. California has one of the highest number of Asian ethnicity (14.10% compared to national average 5.30%)
  20. California has one of the highest annual costs of Public 4-Year College ($18,933.50 whereas national average $15,918.01)
  21. California has one of the highest retail sales, in $1000 ($455,032,270.00 vs. USA average $3,917,663,456.00)

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