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Washington, District of Columbia

District of Columbia is the 49th most populous and the 51st largest (61 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Washington (please see the above image). Majority of occupations in District of Columbia is management and professional (55.60%), followed by sales and office (20.10%). White is the second largest race in this state after Black or African American.

State Stats and Facts

  1. District of Columbia is often referred to as the Nation’s Capital and DMV
  2. District of Columbia has one of the lowest carbon dioxide emissions, in metric tons per capita
  3. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of white population (43.40% whereas national median 77.70%)
  4. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of damages resulting from storm events (4,500 vs. country average 11,013,847)
  5. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of property crime, per 100K (4,861 compared to USA average 2,859)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, District of Columbia population was 646,449 which ranks the 49th of the 50 United States and capital district. The most populous city in District of Columbia is Washington. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 7.40%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. District of Columbia population represents only 0.20% of the USA’s whole population as pictured in the following chart.

District of Columbia total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following five races or ethnicities representing population in District of Columbia (in descending order):

  • Black or African American 49.50%
  • White ancestry 43.40%
  • Asian ethnicity 3.90%
  • Others (two or more races) 2.60%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.60%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares District of Columbia population distribution to national average:

Comparison of District of Columbia population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.30% of District of Columbia population are under 5 years old, 17.20% are under 18 years and 11.40% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 14.90% of District of Columbia population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 52.60% which is slightly more than male population. District of Columbia female population number ranks the 1st nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between District of Columbia and the USA.

Female and male population in District of Columbia vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 87.50% which is higher than national average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 51.20%, this is higher than national median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 42.40%, lower than national median of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 18.50%, this is higher than US median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of District of Columbia Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 0.00% of total land area
  • District of Columbia has more population density than the USA average (9856.5 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in District of Columbia is lower by 2.33 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

District of Columbia land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute District of Columbia USA
Land area (square miles) 61.05 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 9856.5 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 76.5 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

District of Columbia unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 7.60% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in District of Columbia is $9.50 per hour, which ranks the 1st highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in District of Columbia based on Census 2010
Occupation District of Columbia USA
Management or professional-related job 55.60% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.00% 17.10%
Sales and office job 20.10% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.10% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 3.00% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 5.20% 12.50%
Comparison of District of Columbia Occupation Types to USA Average

Regarding travel time to work, workers in District of Columbia usually took more time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in District of Columbia was 29.6 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 28.20%, higher than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.90%, same as national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 5.90%, higher than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.00%, lower than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 6.10%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 34.50%, higher than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. These highlight which specific business area District of Columbia is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description District of Columbia USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 332,844 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 2,117,990 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 3,843,716 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 4,278,171 613,795,732
District of Columbia Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $6,555.00, which is lower than US average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in District of Columbia was 3,823.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. District of Columbia has one of the highest percentage of population change (7.40% vs. country median 2.40%)
  2. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of people per household (2 vs. national average 3)
  3. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of veterans (30,777 whilst USA average 21,853,912)
  4. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of population under 18 years old (17.20% whilst national median 23.30%)
  5. District of Columbia has one of the highest vehicle theft rates (579 whilst USA average 230)
  6. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of Black-owned firms (28.20% whilst USA median 7.10%)
  7. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of management and professional-related occupations (55.60% compared to USA average 34.90%)
  8. District of Columbia has one of the lowest death rate resulting from storm events (0 vs. country average 11)
  9. District of Columbia has one of the highest rate of larceny-theft (3,725 vs. country average 1,959)
  10. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of people living in the same house for 1 year or more (80.30% compared to country average 84.80%)
  11. District of Columbia has one of the lowest lead releases, in pounds
  12. District of Columbia has one of the highest robbery rates (638 whilst USA average 113)
  13. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of female population (52.60% vs. national median 50.80%)
  14. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of storm events (24 while national median 1,137)
  15. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of farming, fishing and forestry occupations (0.10% whereas national average 0.70%)
  16. District of Columbia has one of the lowest merchant wholesaler sales, in $1000 ($2,117,990.00 vs. country median $4,174,286,516.00)
  17. District of Columbia has one of the highest income per person in 2012 ($45,004.00 whilst country median $28,051.00)
  18. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of population under 65 years old (11.40% while national average 14.10%)
  19. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of women-owned firms (34.50% whilst country average 28.80%)
  20. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations (3.00% vs. country median 9.30%)
  21. District of Columbia has one of the highest rate of murder and non-negligent manslaughter (14 while country median 5)
  22. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of black or African American population (49.50% whilst USA average 13.20%)
  23. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of white population excluding Hispanic and Latino (35.80% while country average 62.60%)
  24. District of Columbia has one of the highest annual costs of Private 4-Year College ($44,190.43 whereas country average $32,616.64)
  25. District of Columbia has one of the highest property crime rates (4,861 compared to national average 2,859)
  26. District of Columbia has one of the lowest land area, in sqm (61 whereas USA median 3,531,905)
  27. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of Bachelor’s degree or higher (51.20% while USA average 28.50%)
  28. District of Columbia has one of the lowest total value of manufacturers shipments, in $1000 ($332,844.00 compared to USA average $5,319,456,312.00)
  29. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of violent crime, per 100K (1,244 compared to country median 387)
  30. District of Columbia has one of the lowest retail sales per person (6,555 whilst national average 12,990)
  31. District of Columbia has one of the lowest carcinogen releases, in pounds
  32. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of housing units in multi-unit structures (62.10% whilst national median 25.90%)
  33. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of firms (55,887 whilst national median 27,092,908)
  34. District of Columbia has one of the lowest rate of homeownership (42.40% vs. national median 65.50%)
  35. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of suicide, per 100K (7 whilst national average 12)
  36. District of Columbia has one of the lowest population among the US states and capital district (646,449 whereas national median 316,128,839)
  37. District of Columbia has one of the highest unemployment rate (7.60% whilst country average 5.90%)
  38. District of Columbia has one of the highest violent crime rates (1,244 vs. country median 387)
  39. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of GDP state per capita ($147,965.00 vs. USA average $42,069.00)
  40. District of Columbia has one of the highest population density, in people per sqm (9,857 compared to USA median 87)
  41. District of Columbia has one of the highest state minimum wage
  42. District of Columbia has one of the highest number of homeless people (1.04% whilst country median 0.21%)
  43. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of housing units (302,947 compared to country median 132,802,859)
  44. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of production, transportation and material moving occupations (5.20% vs. national average 12.50%)
  45. District of Columbia has one of the lowest retail sales, in $1000 ($3,843,716.00 compared to national average $3,917,663,456.00)
  46. District of Columbia has one of the lowest injury rates resulting from storm events (0 whilst country median 84)
  47. District of Columbia has one of the highest number homicide, per 100K (14 compared to USA median 5)
  48. District of Columbia has one of the highest prices of owner-occupied housing units ($443,000.00 whilst national average $181,400.00)
  49. District of Columbia has one of the highest rate of aggravated assault (554 whilst country average 242)
  50. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of sales and office occupations (20.10% compared to USA average 25.50%)
  51. District of Columbia has one of the lowest number of households (261,192 compared to USA median 115,226,802)

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