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Boise, Idaho

Idaho is the 39th most populous and the 11th largest (82,643 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Boise (please see the above image). Majority of occupations in Idaho is management and professional (32.20%), followed by sales and office (24.90%). Two or More Races is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. Idaho is often referred to as the Gem State, Little Ida, Spud State and Potatonia
  2. Idaho has one of the lowest number of Black-owned firms (0.20% vs. country average 7.10%)
  3. Idaho has one of the lowest vehicle theft rates (86 whilst USA average 230)
  4. Idaho has one of the lowest number of black or African American population (0.80% whereas USA median 13.20%)
  5. Idaho has one of the lowest robbery rates (15 while national average 113)

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Jump to:

Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, Idaho population was 1,612,136 which ranks the 39th among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in Idaho is Boise City. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

From April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, net population change is 2.80%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. Idaho population represents only 0.51% of the USA’s whole population as pictured in the following chart.

Idaho total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in Idaho (sortedin descending order):

  • White ancestry 93.70%
  • Others (two or more races) 2.20%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 1.70%
  • Asian ethnicity 1.40%
  • Black or African American 0.80%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.20%

The following chart compares Idaho population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Idaho population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 7.00% of Idaho population are under 5 years old, 26.50% are under 18 years and 13.80% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 10.40% of Idaho population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 49.90% which is slightly less than male population. Idaho female population number ranks the 42nd nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Idaho and the USA.

Female and male population in Idaho vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 88.60%, this is higher than US median of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 24.70% which is lower than US median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 70.10%, higher than national average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 15.10%, higher than US average of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Idaho Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 2.34% of total land area
  • Idaho has less population density than the USA average (19.0 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Idaho is higher by .63 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Idaho land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Idaho USA
Land area (square miles) 82,643.12 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 19 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 79.5 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Idaho unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 4.10% (lower than national average). Minimum wage in Idaho is $7.25 per hour, which ranks the 24th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Idaho based on Census 2010
Occupation Idaho USA
Management or professional-related job 32.20% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.40% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.90% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 2.60% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 11.00% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 12.90% 12.50%
Comparison of Idaho Occupation Types to USA Average

In terms of travel time to work, workers in Idaho usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Idaho was 20.1 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 0.20%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.90%, same as national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 0.80%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms S, higher than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 2.60%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 23.50%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. This information highlights which specific business area Idaho is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Idaho USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 18,010,976 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 14,286,715 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 20,526,631 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 2,415,951 613,795,732
Idaho Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $13,691.00, which is higher than US median of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Idaho was 6,265.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. Idaho has one of the lowest number of women-owned firms (23.50% vs. country median 28.80%)
  2. Idaho has one of the lowest annual costs of Private 4-Year College ($13,121.93 vs. USA median $32,616.64)
  3. Idaho has one of the lowest rate of larceny-theft (1,448 while national average 1,959)
  4. Idaho has one of the lowest income per person in 2012 ($22,581.00 whereas national median $28,051.00)
  5. Idaho has one of the lowest carbon dioxide emissions, in metric tons per capita
  6. Idaho has one of the lowest property crime rates (1,984 whereas national median 2,859)
  7. Idaho has one of the highest number of population under 18 years old (26.50% compared to USA average 23.30%)
  8. Idaho has one of the lowest number of property crime, per 100K (1,984 whereas country average 2,859)
  9. Idaho has one of the highest number of farming, fishing and forestry occupations (2.60% compared to USA median 0.70%)

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