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Springfield, Illinois

The capital city of Illinois is Springfield (please see the above image). This state is the 24th largest (55,519 square miles) and the 5th most populous among the 50 United States and capital district. Black or African American is the second largest race after White in this state. Majority of occupations in Illinois is management and professional (35.10%), followed by sales and office (25.90%).

State Stats and Facts

  1. Illinois is also known as the Land of Lincoln, Prairie State, Corn State and Garden of the West
  2. Illinois has one of the highest number of homicide by firearm

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Data from 2013 shows Illinois population was 12,882,135 which ranks the 5th among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in Illinois is Chicago. In this part, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 0.40%. This is lower than national average, which is 2.40%. Illinois population represents 4.07% of the entire population in the USA as pictured in the following chart.

Illinois total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in Illinois (sortedin descending order):

  • White ancestry 77.70%
  • Black or African American 14.70%
  • Asian ethnicity 5.10%
  • Others (two or more races) 1.80%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.60%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares Illinois population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Illinois population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

According to Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.20% of Illinois population are under 5 years old, 23.50% are under 18 years and 13.50% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 22.20% of Illinois population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is higher than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.90% which is slightly more than male population. Illinois female population number ranks the 22nd nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Illinois and the USA.

Female and male population in Illinois vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 87.00%, this is higher than national median of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 31.10%, higher than US median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 68.00% which is higher than US average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 13.70% which is lower than national median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Illinois Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 1.57% of total land area
  • Illinois has more population density than the USA average (231.1 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Illinois is higher by .10 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Illinois land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Illinois USA
Land area (square miles) 55,518.93 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 231.1 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 79.0 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Illinois unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 6.60% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in Illinois is $8.25 per hour, which ranks the 7th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Illinois based on Census 2010
Occupation Illinois USA
Management or professional-related job 35.10% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.50% 17.10%
Sales and office job 25.90% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.30% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 8.00% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 14.20% 12.50%
Comparison of Illinois Occupation Types to USA Average

In terms of travel time to work, workers in Illinois usually took more time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Illinois was 28.1 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 9.50%, higher than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.50%, lower than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 5.30%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.10%, same as the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 5.00%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 30.50%, higher than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business area. These highlight which specific business area Illinois is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Illinois USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 257,760,713 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 231,082,768 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 165,450,520 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 25,469,026 613,795,732
Illinois Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $12,947.00, which is lower than U.S average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Illinois was 13,797.
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