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Indianapolis, Indiana

Indiana is the 16th most populous and the 38th largest (35,826 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Indianapolis (see the image below). Majority of occupations in Indiana is management and professional (31.90%), followed by sales and office (24.30%). Black or African American is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. Indiana has some nicknames including the Crossroads of America and Hoosier State
  2. Indiana has one of the highest number of production, transportation and material moving occupations (17.90% while national average 12.50%)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, Indiana population was 6,570,902 which ranks the 16th among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in Indiana is Indianapolis. In this part, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 1.30%. This is lower than national average, which is 2.40%. Indiana population represents only 2.08% of the entire population in the USA as depicted in the following chart.

Indiana total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following five races or ethnicities representing population in Indiana (in descending order):

  • White ancestry 86.30%
  • Black or African American 9.50%
  • Asian ethnicity 1.90%
  • Others (two or more races) 1.80%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.40%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares Indiana population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Indiana population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.40% of Indiana population are under 5 years old, 24.10% are under 18 years and 13.90% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 8.10% of Indiana population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.70% which is slightly more than male population. Indiana female population number ranks the 26th nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Indiana and the USA.

Female and male population in Indiana vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 87.00%, higher than national average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 23.00%, lower than national average of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 70.60% which is higher than national median of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 14.70%, lower than US median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Indiana Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 1.01% of total land area
  • Indiana has more population density than the USA average (181.0 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Indiana is lower by 1.25 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Indiana land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Indiana USA
Land area (square miles) 35,826.11 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 181 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 77.6 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Indiana unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 5.70% (lower than national average). Minimum wage in Indiana is $7.25 per hour, which ranks the 25th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Indiana based on Census 2010
Occupation Indiana USA
Management or professional-related job 31.90% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.20% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.30% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.40% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 9.20% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 17.90% 12.50%
Comparison of Indiana Occupation Types to USA Average

Regarding travel time to work, workers in Indiana usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Indiana was 23.2 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 4.60%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.50%, lower than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 1.80%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.00%, lower than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 1.80%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 26.80%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. These highlight which specific business area Indiana is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Indiana USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 221,877,814 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 67,634,947 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 78,745,589 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 11,669,759 613,795,732
Indiana Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $12,408.00, which is lower than US median of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Indiana was 13,781.
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