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Des Moines, Iowa

The capital city of Iowa is Des Moines (featured on the picture above). This state is the 23rd largest (55,857 square miles) and the 30th most populous among the 50 United States and capital district. Black or African American is the second largest race after White in this state. Majority of occupations in Iowa is management and professional (32.80%), followed by sales and office (24.30%).

State Stats and Facts

  1. Iowa has some nicknames including the Hawkeye State, Land of the Rolling Prairie and Tall Corn State
  2. Iowa has one of the lowest number homicide, per 100K (2 while national average 5)
  3. Iowa has one of the lowest number of teenagers not in school and not working (4.41% vs. national average 7.95%)
  4. Iowa has one of the lowest rate of murder and non-negligent manslaughter (2 whereas country median 5)
  5. Iowa has one of the lowest number of American Indian and Alaska native-owned firms (0.20% compared to country average 0.90%)

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Jump to:

Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Data from 2013 shows Iowa population was 3,090,416 which ranks the 30th among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in Iowa is Des Moines. In this part, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 1.40%. This is lower than national average, which is 2.40%. Iowa population represents only 0.98% of the USA’s whole population as featured in the following chart.

Iowa total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in Iowa (in descending order):

  • White ancestry 92.50%
  • Black or African American 3.30%
  • Asian ethnicity 2.00%
  • Others (two or more races) 1.60%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares Iowa population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Iowa population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

According to Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.30% of Iowa population are under 5 years old, 23.40% are under 18 years and 15.60% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 7.10% of Iowa population (over the age of 5) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.40% which is slightly more than male population. Iowa female population number ranks the 32nd nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Iowa and the USA.

Female and male population in Iowa vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 90.70% which is higher than national median of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 25.30%, this is lower than US median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 72.60% which is higher than national median of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 12.20%, lower than national median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Iowa Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 1.58% of total land area
  • Iowa has less population density than the USA average (54.5 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Iowa is higher by .85 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Iowa land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Iowa USA
Land area (square miles) 55,857.13 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 54.5 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 79.7 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Iowa unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 4.50% (lower than national average). Minimum wage in Iowa is $7.25 per hour, which ranks the 26th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Iowa based on Census 2010
Occupation Iowa USA
Management or professional-related job 32.80% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.40% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.30% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 1.10% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 8.70% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 16.70% 12.50%
Comparison of Iowa Occupation Types to USA Average

Regarding travel time to work, workers in Iowa usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Iowa was 18.7 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 0.80%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.20%, lower than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 1.10%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.10%, same as the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 0.90%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 25.50%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business area. These highlight which specific business area Iowa is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Iowa USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 97,592,051 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 41,068,338 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 39,234,649 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 4,737,719 613,795,732
Iowa Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $13,172.00, which is higher than US average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Iowa was 9,501.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. Iowa has one of the highest number of damages resulting from storm events (45,038,800 whilst USA median 11,013,847)

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