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Boston, Massachusetts

The capital city of Massachusetts is Boston (please see the above image). This state is the 45th largest (7,800 square miles) and the 14th most populous among the 50 United States and capital district. Black or African American is the second largest race after White in this state. Majority of occupations in Massachusetts is management and professional (42.00%), followed by sales and office (24.90%).

State Stats and Facts

  1. Massachusetts is also known as the Baked Bean State, The Bay State, Old Colony State and Pilgrim State
  2. Massachusetts has one of the lowest rate of larceny-theft (1,494 compared to country median 1,959)
  3. Massachusetts has one of the highest number of management and professional-related occupations (42.00% whereas country median 34.90%)
  4. Massachusetts has one of the lowest number of farming, fishing and forestry occupations (0.20% whereas USA median 0.70%)
  5. Massachusetts has one of the lowest mercury releases, per 1000 population

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Jump to:

Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, Massachusetts population was 6,692,824 which ranks the 14th of the 50 United States and capital district. The most populous city in Massachusetts is Boston. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

From April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, net population change is 2.20%. This is lower than national average, which is 2.40%. Massachusetts population represents only 2.12% of the entire population in the USA as depicted in the following chart.

Massachusetts total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in Massachusetts (in descending order):

  • White ancestry 83.20%
  • Black or African American 8.10%
  • Asian ethnicity 6.00%
  • Others (two or more races) 2.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.50%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares Massachusetts population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Massachusetts population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

According to Census QuickFacts 2013, 5.50% of Massachusetts population are under 5 years old, 20.80% are under 18 years and 14.80% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 21.70% of Massachusetts population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is higher than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 51.50% which is slightly more than male population. Massachusetts female population number ranks the 6th nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Massachusetts and the USA.

Female and male population in Massachusetts vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 89.10% which is higher than US average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 39.00%, higher than national median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 63.20%, lower than national median of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 11.00% which is lower than US average of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Massachusetts Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 0.22% of total land area
  • Massachusetts has more population density than the USA average (839.4 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Massachusetts is higher by 1.66 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Massachusetts land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Massachusetts USA
Land area (square miles) 7,800.06 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 839.4 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 80.5 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Massachusetts unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 6.00% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in Massachusetts is $8.00 per hour, which ranks the 11th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Massachusetts based on Census 2010
Occupation Massachusetts USA
Management or professional-related job 42.00% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.60% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.90% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.20% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 7.30% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 9.10% 12.50%
Comparison of Massachusetts Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in Massachusetts usually took more time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Massachusetts was 27.7 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 3.40%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.40%, lower than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 4.50%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.00%, lower than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 3.30%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 29.80%, higher than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. These highlight which specific business area Massachusetts is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Massachusetts USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 86,428,959 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 95,275,672 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 88,082,966 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 14,917,210 613,795,732
Massachusetts Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $13,553.00, which is higher than US median of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Massachusetts was 11,111.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. Massachusetts has one of the lowest number of construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations (7.30% compared to national median 9.30%)
  2. Massachusetts has one of the highest number of Bachelor’s degree or higher (39.00% whilst national median 28.50%)
  3. Massachusetts has one of the highest annual costs of Private 4-Year College ($46,632.46 compared to USA average $32,616.64)
  4. Massachusetts has one of the highest number of housing units in multi-unit structures (41.60% whilst national median 25.90%)

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