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Trenton, New Jersey

New Jersey is the 11th most populous and the 46th largest (7,354 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Trenton (please see the above image). Majority of occupations in New Jersey is management and professional (39.30%), followed by sales and office (26.60%). Black or African American is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. New Jersey has some nicknames including the Garden State and The Tomato State
  2. New Jersey has one of the lowest number of rape, per 100K (12 while USA average 27)
  3. New Jersey has one of the lowest property crime rates (2,047 while country median 2,859)
  4. New Jersey has one of the highest number of Asian ethnicity (9.20% vs. USA median 5.30%)
  5. New Jersey has one of the lowest rate of larceny-theft (1,384 compared to country median 1,959)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Data from 2013 shows New Jersey population was 8,899,339 which ranks the 11th among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in New Jersey is Newark. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 1.20%. This is lower than national average, which is 2.40%. New Jersey population represents only 2.82% of the entire population in the USA as pictured in the following chart.

New Jersey total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following five races or ethnicities representing population in New Jersey (sortedin descending order):

  • White ancestry 73.40%
  • Black or African American 14.70%
  • Asian ethnicity 9.20%
  • Others (two or more races) 2.00%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 0.60%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares New Jersey population distribution to national average:

Comparison of New Jersey population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.00% of New Jersey population are under 5 years old, 22.70% are under 18 years and 14.40% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 29.60% of New Jersey population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is higher than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 51.20% which is slightly more than male population. New Jersey female population number ranks the 12nd nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between New Jersey and the USA.

Female and male population in New Jersey vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 87.90% which is higher than US average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 35.40%, higher than national average of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 66.20%, this is higher than US average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 9.90%, lower than US median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of New Jersey Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 0.21% of total land area
  • New Jersey has more population density than the USA average (1195.5 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in New Jersey is higher by 1.42 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

New Jersey land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute New Jersey USA
Land area (square miles) 7,354.22 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 1195.5 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 80.3 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

New Jersey unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 6.60% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in New Jersey is $8.25 per hour, which ranks the 8th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in New Jersey based on Census 2010
Occupation New Jersey USA
Management or professional-related job 39.30% 34.90%
Service-related job 15.80% 17.10%
Sales and office job 26.60% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.10% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 7.90% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 10.40% 12.50%
Comparison of New Jersey Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in New Jersey usually took more time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in New Jersey was 30.3 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 7.70%, higher than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.40%, lower than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 8.70%, higher than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.10%, same as the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 8.70%, higher than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 27.30%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business area. This information highlights which specific business area New Jersey is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description New Jersey USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 116,608,094 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 233,413,004 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 124,813,580 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 19,993,613 613,795,732
New Jersey Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $14,453.00, which is higher than US median of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in New Jersey was 17,939.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. New Jersey has one of the highest travel time to work, in minutes (30 whereas national average 25)
  2. New Jersey has one of the lowest number of property crime, per 100K (2,047 whereas USA median 2,859)
  3. New Jersey has one of the lowest rate of forcible rape (12 vs. USA average 27)
  4. New Jersey has one of the highest number of people living in the same house for 1 year or more (90.00% while USA median 84.80%)
  5. New Jersey has one of the lowest number of farming, fishing and forestry occupations (0.10% vs. USA median 0.70%)
  6. New Jersey has one of the highest number of foreign-born people (20.80% vs. national median 12.90%)
  7. New Jersey has one of the lowest number of suicide, per 100K (8 while country median 12)
  8. New Jersey has one of the highest population density, in people per sqm (1,196 vs. USA median 87)
  9. New Jersey has one of the highest household income ($71,637.00 while national average $53,046.00)
  10. New Jersey has one of the lowest number of population below poverty level (9.90% compared to USA average 14.90%)

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