Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail


Santa Fe, New Mexico

New Mexico is the 36th most populous and the 5th largest (121,298 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Santa Fe (in the above picture). Majority of occupations in New Mexico is management and professional (33.80%), followed by sales and office (24.30%). American Indian or Alaska Native is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. New Mexico has some nicknames including the Cactus State, The Tex-Mex State and The Colorful State
  2. New Mexico has one of the highest number of population below poverty level (19.50% compared to country average 14.90%)
  3. New Mexico has one of the lowest number of housing units in multi-unit structures (15.00% whereas national median 25.90%)
  4. New Mexico has one of the lowest dioxin releases, in grams
  5. New Mexico has one of the highest number of people speaking language other than English at home (0 whereas country median 0)

Read more…

Jump to:

Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Data from 2013 shows New Mexico population was 2,085,287 which ranks the 36th among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in New Mexico is Albuquerque. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 1.30%. This is lower than national average, which is 2.40%. New Mexico population represents only 0.66% of the USA’s whole population as featured in the following chart.

New Mexico total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following five races or ethnicities representing population in New Mexico (in descending order):

  • White ancestry 82.90%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 10.40%
  • Black or African American 2.50%
  • Others (two or more races) 2.40%
  • Asian ethnicity 1.60%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.20%

The following chart compares New Mexico population distribution to national average:

Comparison of New Mexico population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.70% of New Mexico population are under 5 years old, 24.30% are under 18 years and 14.70% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 36.00% of New Mexico population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is higher than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.40% which is slightly more than male population. New Mexico female population number ranks the 33rd nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between New Mexico and the USA.

Female and male population in New Mexico vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 83.40%, this is lower than US average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 25.60%, this is lower than national average of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 68.90%, higher than national average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 19.50%, higher than US median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of New Mexico Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 3.43% of total land area
  • New Mexico has less population density than the USA average (17.0 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in New Mexico is lower by .43 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

New Mexico land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute New Mexico USA
Land area (square miles) 121,298.15 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 17 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 78.4 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

New Mexico unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 6.50% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in New Mexico is $7.50 per hour, which ranks the 22nd highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in New Mexico based on Census 2010
Occupation New Mexico USA
Management or professional-related job 33.80% 34.90%
Service-related job 18.20% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.30% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 1.20% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 12.00% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 10.50% 12.50%
Comparison of New Mexico Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in New Mexico usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in New Mexico was 21.7 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 1.20%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 5.30%, higher than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 2.10%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.10%, same as the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 23.60%, higher than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 31.70%, higher than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business area. These highlight which specific business area New Mexico is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description New Mexico USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 17,122,725 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 10,589,286 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 24,469,997 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 3,734,300 613,795,732
New Mexico Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $12,429.00, which is lower than US median of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in New Mexico was 4,672.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. New Mexico has one of the lowest number of white population excluding Hispanic and Latino (39.40% whereas USA median 62.60%)
  2. New Mexico has one of the highest number of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (47.30% whereas USA median 17.10%)
  3. New Mexico has one of the highest number of women-owned firms (31.70% whilst country median 28.80%)
  4. New Mexico has one of the highest burglary rates (1,025 vs. country median 670)
  5. New Mexico has one of the highest number of American Indian and Alaska native-owned firms (5.30% while national median 0.90%)
  6. New Mexico has one of the highest number of Hispanic-owned firms (23.60% whereas country average 8.30%)
  7. New Mexico has one of the highest number of American Indian and Alaska native population (10.40% vs. national average 1.20%)

Back to the Top Page

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluslinkedin