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Bismarck, North Dakota

The capital city of North Dakota is Bismarck (featured on the picture above). This state is the 17th largest (69,001 square miles) and the 48th most populous among the 50 United States and capital district. American Indian or Alaska Native is the second largest race after White in this state. Majority of occupations in North Dakota is management and professional (34.50%), followed by sales and office (24.30%).

State Stats and Facts

  1. North Dakota has some nicknames including the Flickertail State, Peace Garden State, Rough Rider State and Sioux State
  2. North Dakota has one of the lowest annual costs of Private 4-Year College ($17,341.68 vs. national median $32,616.64)
  3. North Dakota has one of the lowest population density, in people per sqm (10 whereas country average 87)
  4. North Dakota has one of the lowest burglary rates (340 while national median 670)
  5. North Dakota has one of the highest number of farming, fishing and forestry occupations (1.70% compared to national median 0.70%)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, North Dakota population was 723,393 which ranks the 48th of the 50 United States and capital district. The most populous city in North Dakota is Fargo. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 7.60%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. North Dakota population represents only 0.23% of the entire population in the USA as depicted in the following chart.

North Dakota total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in North Dakota (in descending order):

  • White ancestry 89.60%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 5.40%
  • Others (two or more races) 1.90%
  • Black or African American 1.80%
  • Asian ethnicity 1.20%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares North Dakota population distribution to national average:

Comparison of North Dakota population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

According to Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.70% of North Dakota population are under 5 years old, 22.50% are under 18 years and 14.20% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 5.20% of North Dakota population (over the age of five) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 48.90% which is slightly less than male population. North Dakota female population number ranks the 50th nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between North Dakota and the USA.

Female and male population in North Dakota vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 90.50%, this is higher than US average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 27.10% which is lower than US median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 66.40% which is higher than national average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 12.10%, this is lower than US median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of North Dakota Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 1.95% of total land area
  • North Dakota has less population density than the USA average (9.7 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in North Dakota is higher by .69 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

North Dakota land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute North Dakota USA
Land area (square miles) 69,000.80 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 9.7 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 79.5 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

North Dakota unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 2.80% (lower than national average). Minimum wage in North Dakota is $7.25 per hour, which ranks the 34th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in North Dakota based on Census 2010
Occupation North Dakota USA
Management or professional-related job 34.50% 34.90%
Service-related job 17.10% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.30% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 1.70% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 10.30% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 12.10% 12.50%
Comparison of North Dakota Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in North Dakota usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in North Dakota was 16.5 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 0.30%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 1.60%, higher than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 0.70%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.00%, lower than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 0.50%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 24.80%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. These highlight which specific business area North Dakota is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description North Dakota USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 11,349,799 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 13,099,348 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 10,527,300 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 1,214,201 613,795,732
North Dakota Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $16,495.00, which is higher than U.S average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in North Dakota was 10,340.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. North Dakota has one of the highest carbon dioxide emissions, in metric tons per capita
  2. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of property crime, per 100K (2,010 whilst country median 2,859)
  3. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of people per household (2 whilst USA average 3)
  4. North Dakota has one of the lowest property crime rates (2,010 vs. country median 2,859)
  5. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of homicide by firearm
  6. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (2.90% whilst country average 17.10%)
  7. North Dakota has one of the lowest injury rates resulting from storm events (0 while country median 84)
  8. North Dakota has one of the lowest travel time to work, in minutes (17 whilst USA median 25)
  9. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of veterans (54,782 while national average 21,853,912)
  10. North Dakota has one of the lowest sales of accommodation and food services, in $1000 ($1,214,201.00 whereas USA median $613,795,732.00)
  11. North Dakota has one of the highest percentage of population change (7.60% while USA average 2.40%)
  12. North Dakota has one of the highest retail sales per person (16,495 whilst country average 12,990)
  13. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of Hispanic-owned firms (0.50% vs. country average 8.30%)
  14. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of female population (48.90% vs. country median 50.80%)
  15. North Dakota has one of the lowest robbery rates (19 compared to USA average 113)
  16. North Dakota has one of the lowest population among the US states and capital district (723,393 while USA average 316,128,839)
  17. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of firms (61,546 while national average 27,092,908)
  18. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of foreign-born people (2.50% while national median 12.90%)
  19. North Dakota has one of the lowest unemployment rate (2.80% compared to USA median 5.90%)
  20. North Dakota has one of the lowest number of Asian-owned firms (0.70% compared to national median 5.70%)

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