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Salem, Oregon

The capital city of Oregon is Salem (please see the above image). This state is the 10th largest (95,988 square miles) and the 27th most populous among the 50 United States and capital district. Asian is the second largest race after White in this state. Majority of occupations in Oregon is management and professional (34.50%), followed by sales and office (25.20%).

State Stats and Facts

  1. Oregon has some nicknames including the Beaver State, Union State, Sunset State and Webfoot State
  2. Oregon has one of the highest number of homeless people (0.45% compared to national average 0.21%)
  3. Oregon has one of the highest state minimum wage

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, Oregon population was 3,930,065 which ranks the 27th of the 50 United States and capital district. The most populous city in Oregon is Portland. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 2.60%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. Oregon population represents only 1.24% of the entire population in the USA as pictured in the following chart.

Oregon total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following 5 races or ethnicities representing population in Oregon (sortedin descending order):

  • White ancestry 88.10%
  • Asian ethnicity 4.10%
  • Others (two or more races) 3.50%
  • Black or African American 2.00%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 1.80%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.40%

The following chart compares Oregon population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Oregon population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

Based on Census QuickFacts 2013, 5.90% of Oregon population are under 5 years old, 21.80% are under 18 years and 15.50% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 14.70% of Oregon population (over the age of 5) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.50% which is slightly more than male population. Oregon female population number ranks the 31st nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Oregon and the USA.

Female and male population in Oregon vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 89.20%, higher than US average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 29.20%, this is higher than national average of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 62.50%, this is lower than US average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 15.50% which is higher than national average of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Oregon Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 2.72% of total land area
  • Oregon has less population density than the USA average (39.9 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Oregon is higher by .65 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Oregon land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Oregon USA
Land area (square miles) 95,988.01 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 39.9 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 79.5 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Oregon unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 7.00% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in Oregon is $9.10 per hour, which ranks the 3rd highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Oregon based on Census 2010
Occupation Oregon USA
Management or professional-related job 34.50% 34.90%
Service-related job 17.00% 17.10%
Sales and office job 25.20% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 1.70% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 8.80% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 12.60% 12.50%
Comparison of Oregon Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in Oregon usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Oregon was 22.4 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 1.20%, lower than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 1.20%, higher than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 3.60%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.20%, higher than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 3.30%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 29.80%, higher than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business sector. These highlight which specific business area Oregon is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Oregon USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 66,880,653 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 51,910,777 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 50,370,919 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 7,555,764 613,795,732
Oregon Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $13,494.00, which is higher than U.S average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Oregon was 10,608.
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