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Austin, Texas

Texas is the 2nd most populous and the 2nd largest (261,232 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Austin (featured on the picture above). Majority of occupations in Texas is management and professional (33.10%), followed by sales and office (25.60%). Black or African American is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. Texas is also known as the Friendship State, Lone Star State and Chili State
  2. Texas has one of the lowest number of native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (0.10% while USA median 0.20%)
  3. Texas has one of the highest sales of accommodation and food services, in $1000 ($42,054,592.00 compared to national average $613,795,732.00)
  4. Texas has one of the highest number of firms (2,164,852 vs. national median 27,092,908)
  5. Texas has one of the highest number of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (38.40% while USA average 17.10%)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, Texas population was 26,448,193 which ranks the 2nd among the 50 states and capital district in the US. The most populous city in Texas is Houston. In this part, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 5.20%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. Texas population represents 8.37% of the entire population in the USA as pictured in the following chart.

Texas total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following five races or ethnicities representing population in Texas (sortedin descending order):

  • White ancestry 80.30%
  • Black or African American 12.40%
  • Asian ethnicity 4.30%
  • Others (two or more races) 1.80%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 1.00%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.10%

The following chart compares Texas population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Texas population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

According to Census QuickFacts 2013, 7.30% of Texas population are under 5 years old, 26.60% are under 18 years and 11.20% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 34.60% of Texas population (over the age of 5) speak language other than English at home, which is higher than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.30% which is slightly more than male population. Texas female population number ranks the 37th nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Texas and the USA.

Female and male population in Texas vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 80.80% which is lower than national average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 26.30%, this is lower than national median of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 63.90%, this is lower than US average of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 17.40% which is higher than national median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Texas Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 7.40% of total land area
  • Texas has more population density than the USA average (96.3 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Texas is lower by .41 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Texas land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Texas USA
Land area (square miles) 261,231.71 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 96.3 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 78.5 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Texas unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 5.10% (lower than national average). Minimum wage in Texas is $7.25 per hour, which ranks the 39th highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Texas based on Census 2010
Occupation Texas USA
Management or professional-related job 33.10% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.70% 17.10%
Sales and office job 25.60% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 0.50% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 11.70% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 12.30% 12.50%
Comparison of Texas Occupation Types to USA Average

With regard to travel time to work, workers in Texas usually took less time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Texas was 24.9 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms 7.10%, same as national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 0.90%, same as national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 5.30%, lower than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.10%, same as the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 20.70%, higher than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 28.20%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business area. This information highlights which specific business area Texas is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Texas USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 593,541,502 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 424,238,194 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 311,334,781 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 42,054,592 613,795,732
Texas Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $13,061.00, which is higher than US average of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Texas was 135,514.

Interesting Facts and Statistics (continued)

  1. Texas has one of the highest number of storm events (5,269 while USA average 1,137)
  2. Texas has one of the highest retail sales, in $1000 ($311,334,781.00 vs. national median $3,917,663,456.00)
  3. Texas has one of the highest number of veterans (1,611,660 vs. country median 21,853,912)
  4. Texas has one of the highest number of damages resulting from storm events (45,313,050 compared to country average 11,013,847)
  5. Texas has one of the highest percentage of population change (5.20% vs. national average 2.40%)
  6. Texas has one of the lowest number of population under 65 years old (11.20% whereas USA average 14.10%)
  7. Texas has one of the highest number of building permits (135,514 while national median 829,658)
  8. Texas has one of the highest number of Hispanic-owned firms (20.70% compared to country average 8.30%)
  9. Texas has one of the highest land area, in sqm (261,232 while USA average 3,531,905)
  10. Texas has one of the highest merchant wholesaler sales, in $1000 ($424,238,194.00 while national average $4,174,286,516.00)
  11. Texas has one of the highest population among the US states and capital district (26,448,193 whereas USA average 316,128,839)
  12. Texas has one of the highest number of households (8,782,598 vs. country average 115,226,802)
  13. Texas has one of the highest number of population under 18 years old (26.60% vs. national median 23.30%)
  14. Texas has one of the highest death rate resulting from storm events (57 whilst USA average 11)
  15. Texas has one of the highest total value of manufacturers shipments, in $1000 ($593,541,502.00 while national average $5,319,456,312.00)
  16. Texas has one of the highest dioxin releases, in grams
  17. Texas has one of the highest number of housing units (10,255,642 whilst USA median 132,802,859)
  18. Texas has one of the lowest number of high school graduate (80.80% compared to national median 85.70%)
  19. Texas has one of the highest number of people speaking language other than English at home (0 while USA average 0)
  20. Texas has one of the highest number of population under 5 years old (7.30% while country median 6.30%)

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