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Olympia, Washington

Washington is the 13rd most populous and the 20th largest (66,456 square miles) of the 50 states and capital district in the US. Its capital city is Olympia (see the image below). Majority of occupations in Washington is management and professional (37.20%), followed by sales and office (24.20%). Asian is the second largest race in this state after White.

State Stats and Facts

  1. Washington is often referred to as the Evergreen State and Apple State
  2. Washington has one of the highest state minimum wage
  3. Washington has one of the highest vehicle theft rates (383 whereas country median 230)
  4. Washington has one of the lowest annual costs of Public 4-Year College ($16,253.37 while country median $15,918.01)

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Total population compared to the USA
Population distribution by race or ethnicity
Female vs male population
Education, home ownership and poverty rate
Land area, population density and life expectancy
Unemployment rate and occupation types
Business ownerships
Production and sales per business sector

Population Charts

Based on 2013 estimate, Washington population was 6,971,406 which ranks the 13rd of the 50 United States and capital district. The most populous city in Washington is Seattle. In this section, you’ll learn various state profiles on population by race, age and gender.


Total population compared to the USA

Between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2013, net population change is 3.70%. This is higher than national average, which is 2.40%. Washington population represents only 2.21% of the entire population in the USA as pictured in the following chart.

Washington total population compared to the USA

Population distribution by race or age

Census 2013 shows the following five races or ethnicities representing population in Washington (sortedin descending order):

  • White ancestry 81.20%
  • Asian ethnicity 7.90%
  • Others (two or more races) 4.40%
  • Black or African American 4.00%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native 1.90%
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.70%

The following chart compares Washington population distribution to national average:

Comparison of Washington population distribution by rate or ethnicity to USA average

According to Census QuickFacts 2013, 6.40% of Washington population are under 5 years old, 22.90% are under 18 years and 13.60% are 65 years or older. Furthermore 18.20% of Washington population (over the age of 5) speak language other than English at home, which is lower than the US average of 20.50%.

Female vs male population

Female population in 2013 is 50.00% which is slightly equal to male population. Washington female population number ranks the 41st nation-wide. USA’s average female population is 50.80% whereas male population average is 49.20%.  The following chart shows comparison of female and male population between Washington and the USA.

Female and male population in Washington vs USA average

Demographics Charts

In this section, you’ll find a collection of statistical profiles on education, property ownerships, poverty, land area, population density and life expectancy.  For analysis purposes, each state data is compared to national average.  Data is sourced from last census.

Education, home ownership and poverty rate

In the chart below, you’ll find:

  • Rate of high school graduates is 90.00%, higher than national average of 85.70%
  • Rate of bachelor’s degree is 31.60% which is higher than US average of 28.50%
  • Home ownership rate is 63.80%, this is lower than US median of 65.50%
  • People who live below poverty rate is 12.90%, lower than national median of 14.90%

Data is obtained from Census 2008-2012.

Comparison of Washington Education, Home Ownership and Poverty to USA average

Land area, population density and life expectancy

Featured on the table below is:

  • Land area is 1.88% of total land area
  • Washington has more population density than the USA average (101.2 people per square mile vs 87.4)
  • Life expectancy in Washington is higher by 1.06 years than national average

Data is based on Census 2010.

Washington land area, population density & life expectancy
Demographic Attribute Washington USA
Land area (square miles) 66,455.52 3,531,905.43
Population density (people per square mile) 101.2 87.4
Life expectancy (years) 79.9 78.9

Unemployment rate and occupation types

Washington unemployment rate (May 2013 to June 2014) is 6.00% (higher than national average). Minimum wage in Washington is $9.32 per hour, which ranks the 2nd highest among the states.  The table and chart below show various occupation types based on data obtained from 2010.

Occupation types in Washington based on Census 2010
Occupation Washington USA
Management or professional-related job 37.20% 34.90%
Service-related job 16.70% 17.10%
Sales and office job 24.20% 25.50%
Farming, fishing, and forestry 1.40% 0.70%
Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 9.30% 9.30%
Production, transportation and material moving 11.10% 12.50%
Comparison of Washington Occupation Types to USA Average

Regarding travel time to work, workers in Washington usually took more time than US average. Data from American Community Survey shows travel time in Washington was 25.5 minutes on average, whereas national average was 25.4 minutes. Average travel time is obtained by calculating time required to get from home to work each day during the week.

Business ownerships

Latest census business data shows:

  • Black-owned firms S, higher than national average of 7.10%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms 1.20%, higher than national median of 0.90%
  • Asian-owned firms 6.80%, higher than US average of 5.70%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 0.20%, higher than the country’s average of 0.10%
  • Hispanic-owned firms 3.20%, lower than national average of 8.30%
  • Women-owned firms 28.70%, lower than US median of 28.80%

For comparison purpose, the following chart includes data from US average.

Comparison of Business Ownership Percentage to USA Average

Production and sales

The following table and chart show manufacturers production shipments and sales figures per business area. These highlight which specific business area Washington is strong at.

Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures
Description Washington USA
Manufacturers shipments ($1000) 112,053,283 5,319,456,312
Merchant wholesaler sales ($1000) 76,790,966 4,174,286,516
Retail sales ($1000) 92,968,519 3,917,663,456
Accommodation and food services ($1000) 12,389,422 613,795,732
Washington Manufacturers Production Shipments and Sales Figures

Retail spending per person is $14,380.00, which is higher than US median of $12,990.00. In 2012, number of building permits issued in Washington was 28,118.
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